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Eur J Immunol. 1995 Apr;25(4):985-93.

Chronic relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis with a delayed onset and an atypical clinical course, induced in PL/J mice by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-derived peptide: preliminary analysis of MOG T cell epitopes.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

Abstract

Myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP), the most abundant proteins of central nervous system (CNS) myelin, have been extensively studied as possible primary target antigens in multiple sclerosis (MS), a primary demyelinating autoimmune disease of the CNS. However, there is increasing evidence to suggest that autoimmune reactivity against the quantitatively minor myelin component, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), can also play a role in the pathogenicity of MS. We recently demonstrated a predominant response to MOG by peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with MS tested for their reactivity against various myelin antigens, including MBP and PLP. To ascertain whether or not T cell reactivity to MOG in MS is a potentially pathogenic response, we have tested the ability of synthetic MOG peptides (pMOG) representing potential T cell epitopes, to induce neurological disease in mice. Both strains of mice tested (SJL/J and PL/J mice) were able to mount a primary T cell response to some of the five MOG peptides synthesized, pMOG 1-21, 35-55, 67-87, 104-117 and 202-218. T cell lines could be raised in both strains to pMOG 35-55 and 67-87, but epitope definition revealed that each strain recognized a different minimal epitope within these two peptides. T cell lines to pMOG 1-21 and 202-218 could also be raised in SJL/J and PL/J mice, respectively. T cell reactivity to pMOG 104-117 was not observed in either mouse strain. None of the peptides tested induced detectable clinical signs in SJL/J mice. In contrast, an MS-like chronic relapsing-remitting disease could be induced in PL/J mice with pMOG 35-55. The disease presented with a delayed onset and with clinical signs which differed significantly in their progression and expression from the typical ascending paralysis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis induced with other myelin components, such as MBP and PLP. Histological examination of CNS tissue from mice injected with pMOG 35-55 revealed only mild neuropathological signs with few inflammatory foci in brain and spinal cord. Some myelin splitting and edema were detected upon electron microscopic examination in the spinal cord and cerebellum. Transfer of pMOG 35-55 reactive T cells into naive PL/J mice resulted in pathological changes characterized by inflammatory foci in the brain and spinal cord. This passively induced disease was clinically silent, as was also reported for Lewis rats injected with T cells specific for the same MOG peptide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
7737302
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830250419
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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