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Eur J Clin Invest. 1995 Feb;25(2):90-6.

Effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on human adipocyte development and function.

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1
Diabetes Research Institute, University of Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

We investigated the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on the differentiation of human adipocyte precursor cells and some metabolic aspects of newly formed fat cells kept in primary culture. Exposure of stromal cells from human adipose tissue to EGF (0.01-100 ng mL-1) resulted in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in the number of developing fat cells and the activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), a marker of adipose differentiation. Continuous presence of EGF completely blocked lipid accumulation with a ED50 in the range of 0.2 ng mL-1. This inhibitory action of EGF was associated with a potent stimulation of cell proliferation, up to 8-fold compared with cultures in the absence of EGF. PDGF (0.1-50 ng mL-1) and FGF (0.1-100 ng mL-1) provoked a less marked suppression of GPDH activities which was significant at concentrations of 10 ng mL-1 and higher. A 12 day exposure to EGF of differentiated cells was followed by a suppression of GPDH and, again, a significant increase in cell number. Concomitantly, a distinct loss of cellular lipids was observed in the newly formed adipocytes. This effect could be partly explained by a stimulation of lipolysis, since EGF caused an increase of glycerol in the culture medium. Addition of PDGF or FGF to newly developed fat cells had no effect on lipolysis but, at higher concentrations, also decreased GPDH activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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