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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 1995 Apr;80(2):138-49.

Cytogenetic characterization of three human and three rat medullary thyroid carcinoma cell lines.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Medical School, Houston 77030, USA.


Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor of the thyroid C-cells. MTC may arise as a sporadic tumor or as a component of one of three autosomal dominant familial cancer syndromes, MEN 2A, MEN 2B, or familial MTC. Recent studies have identified mutations of the RET proto-oncogene in the proximal long arm of chromosome 10, which are thought to be causative for these syndromes. To facilitate the search for other genes involved in the development of MTC, we characterized cytogenetically three human MTC cell lines and three rat MTC cell lines. The human cell lines studied were TT and RO-H85-1, previously reported, and an uncharacterized cell line, MZ-CRC-1, derived from a malignant pleural effusion from a patient with metastatic MTC. The rat MTC cell lines characterized were CA-77, 6-23C6, and 44-2. Cytogenetic abnormalities present in the human and rat cell lines were compared with 13 reported cytogenetic studies of human MTC tumors and three other cytogenetically analyzed MTC cell lines. The human 9q/rat 3 and human 3p/rat 15 chromosomes were affected in six of the comparable cell lines and tumors. These findings suggest human chromosome regions 9q and 3p may contain genes involved in the pathogenesis of MTC.

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