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Histochem Cell Biol. 1995 Jan;103(1):31-8.

Tissue and subcellular distribution of glucokinase in rat liver and their changes during fasting-refeeding.

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1
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

The distribution of glucokinase in rat liver under both normal feeding and fasting-refeeding conditions was investigated immunohistochemically. Under normal feeding conditions, glucokinase immunoreactivity was observed in both nuclei and cytoplasm of parenchymal cells. The nuclei were stained intensely and evenly, whereas the cytoplasm showed weak immunoreactivity of different degrees of staining intensity depending on the location of the cells. The cytoplasm of perivenous hepatocytes was stained more intensely, though not so much more, than that of periportal hepatocytes. The cytoplasm of hepatocytes surrounding the terminal hepatic venule (THV), of hepatocytes surrounding the portal triad, and of some other hepatocytes showed a stronger immunoreactivity than that of residual hepatocytes. The nuclear immunoreactivity in hepatocytes surrounding the portal triad and in some other hepatocytes was weak or absent, and positive immunoreactivity was detected at the plasma membrane of some of these cells. After 72 h of fasting, glucokinase immunoreactivity was markedly decreased in all hepatocytes. After the start of refeeding, the cytoplasmic immunoreactivity began to increase first in the parenchymal cells surrounding the THV and extended to those in the intermediate zone followed by those in the periportal zone. In contrast, the increase in nuclear immunoreactivity started in hepatocytes situated in the intermediate zone adjacent to the perivenous zone and then extended to those in the perivenous zone followed by those in the periportal zone. Hepatocytes surrounding either THV or portal triad showed a distinctive change in immunoreactivity during the refeeding period. After 10 h of refeeding, strong immunoreactivity was observed in both the cytoplasm and the nuclei of all hepatocytes, and appreciable glucokinase immunoreactivity was detected at the plasma membrane of some hepatocytes. These findings are discussed from the standpoint of a functional role of glucokinase in hepatic glucose metabolism.

PMID:
7736279
DOI:
10.1007/bf01464473
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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