Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 May;151(5):1519-25.

Mechanisms of lung liquid clearance during hyperoxia in isolated rat lungs.

Author information

Michael Reese Hospital, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.


Sodium transport across the lung epithelium is predominantly effected by apical amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels and basolaterally located ouabain-sensitive Na,K-ATPases. Previously, we reported that subacute hyperoxia caused an increase in active Na+ transport in rat lungs paralleling Na,K-ATPase upregulation in alveolar Type 2 cells isolated from the same lungs. In the present study we set out to quantify the amiloride-sensitive Na+ flux and ouabain-sensitive active Na+ transport in the isolated-perfused, fluid-filled lung model from rats exposed to 85% O2 for 7 d compared with normoxic control rats. We found increased transpulmonary albumin flux and permeability to small solutes (Na+ and mannitol) in hyperoxic rat lungs compared with controls. Amiloride (10(-5) M) instilled into rat airspaces inhibited active Na+ transport by approximately 62% in control rat lungs and by approximately 87% in lungs from rats exposed to hyperoxia, without further changing permeability for Na+ and mannitol. Ouabain (10(-5)M) perfused through the pulmonary circulation decreased active Na+ transport by approximately 40% in normal rat lungs and by approximately 52% in lungs from rats exposed to hyperoxia. We conclude that active Na+ transport and edema clearance are increased in the subacute hyperoxic lung injury in rats, caused in part by the upregulation of amiloride-sensitive apical Na+ channels and alveolar epithelial Na,K-ATPases. Conceivably, the upregulation of alveolar epithelial Na+ channels and Na,K-ATPases protects against the effects of lung injury in this model by contributing to effective edema clearance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center