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Biol Pharm Bull. 1995 Jan;18(1):167-8.

Effects of steroidal glycosides on blood glucose in normal and diabetic mice.

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Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Hyogo, Japan.


Two steroidal glycosides, PO-1 and PO-2, were tested as a new hypoglycemic drug. PO-2 showed remarkable hypoglycemic activity on i.p. injection into normal mice. PO-1 slightly lowered the blood glucose in normal mice. Furthermore, PO-1 and PO-2 exhibited significant hypoglycemic effects in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. However, a steroid, diosgenin, did not affect the blood glucose level in either normal or streptozocin-induced diabetic mice, indicating that the branching glucose units are essential for the biological activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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