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J Infect Dis. 1993 Jan;167(1):98-106.

Efficacy of antibiotic-coated catheters in preventing subcutaneous Staphylococcus aureus infection in rabbits.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Wake Forest Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157-1042.

Abstract

Vascular catheters coated with antiinfective compounds were evaluated as to their ability to prevent Staphylococcus aureus catheter infection in a rabbit model. Zones of inhibition of agar surface-plated S. aureus demonstrated the following hierarchy: dicloxacillin and clindamycin were each better than fusidic acid or chlorhexidine, which were better than ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, or cefuroxime. In vivo half-lives of inhibitory activity for clindamycin and dicloxacillin were 5.6 and 17.7 h, respectively, with apparent first-order kinetics. Chlorhexidine disappeared in vivo with apparent two-compartment kinetics: first-compartment t1/2, 16.8 h; second-compartment t1/2, 115.6 h. In a rabbit model, dicloxacillin, clindamycin, fusidic acid, and chlorhexidine decreased the risk of infection compared with uncoated control catheters (P < .05). For dicloxacillin, clindamycin, and chlorhexidine, this was true even if the S. aureus inoculation was delayed 48 or 96 h after catheter implantation. These data suggest that vascular catheters with antiinfective coatings should be investigated further in hospitalized patients.

PMID:
7734001
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/167.1.98
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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