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Biochem J. 1995 Apr 15;307 ( Pt 2):331-3.

Levels of pyrroloquinoline quinone in various foods.

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Department of Legal Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


The levels of free pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) in various foods were examined by the use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. PQQ was extracted from the samples, after addition of [U-13C]PQQ as internal standard, with n-butanol and Sep-Pak C18 cartridges. After derivatization of PQQ with phenyltrimethylammonium hydroxide, molecular peaks at m/z 448 and 462 were used for detection of PQQ and [U-13C]PQQ respectively, by selected ion monitoring. Free PQQ could be detected in every sample in the range 3.7-61 ng/g or ng/ml. Since its levels in human tissues and body fluids are 5-10 times lower than those found in foods, it is probable that PQQ existing in human tissues is derived, at least partly, from the diet.

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