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Am J Public Health. 1995 May;85(5):729-31.

Does WIC participation improve breast-feeding practices?

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27516-3997, USA.

Abstract

The effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on breast-feeding behavior have been sometimes found inadequate. The determinants of breast-feeding initiation and duration among WIC participants and nonparticipants were modeled by using retrospective cross-sectional data from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. This study corrects for self-selection bias as far as the data allow, in addition to controlling for parents' ages, education, race, and family income. Findings suggest that prenatal WIC participation, combined with breast-feeding advice, significantly increases the initiation of breast-feeding but does not affect duration. The exact nature of effective breast-feeding advice given prenatally at WIC clinics is unclear and warrants further research.

PMID:
7733440
PMCID:
PMC1615406
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.85.5.729
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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