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Am J Physiol. 1995 Apr;268(4 Pt 1):E789-96.

Quantification of carbohydrate oxidation by respiratory gas exchange and isotopic tracers.

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Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.


Estimates of glucose oxidation measured by indirect respiratory calorimetry and by [U-13C]glucose tracer were compared as a function of respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in 14 studies performed on 9 healthy adult subjects. RER was varied between 0.7 and 1.04, either by fasting or by infusing glucose. 13C enrichment of plasma glucose and expired CO2 were measured by mass spectrometry. The two methods gave similar results when the nonprotein respiratory quotient (NPRQ) was between 0.76 and 0.90. Glucose oxidation by the tracer method was quantified to be higher than that by respiratory calorimetry when NPRQ was < 0.76; it was lower than the respiratory calorimetry estimate when NPRQ was > 0.90. The discrepancy between the two methods at low RER may represent the contribution of gluconeogenesis, whereas, at high RER, the discrepancy may be the consequence of lipogenesis. We conclude that respiratory calorimetry and [13C]glucose tracer give comparable results only in a narrow range of RER. These data are important when the disposal of glucose is compared using these techniques in different metabolic states with varying respiratory quotients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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