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Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 May;61(5):1102-9.

Molybdenum absorption, excretion, and retention studied with stable isotopes in young men during depletion and repletion.

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USDA/ARS/Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Presidio of San Francisco, CA, 94129, USA.


A study of molybdenum absorption, excretion, and balance was conducted in four young men fed a low-molybdenum diet (22 micrograms/d) for 102 d followed by 18 d of the same diet supplemented to contain 467 micrograms/d. The study was conducted to determine the minimum dietary molybdenum requirement of healthy young men. Stable isotopes of molybdenum were used as tracers. 100Mo was fed four times during the study, 97Mo was infused twice, and 94Mo was used as an isotopic diluent to quantify the molybdenum isotopes and total molybdenum in complete urine and fecal collections and in the diets. The study demonstrated that subjects could not consistently attain balance with the low-molybdenum diet, but balance improved with time, and no signs of molybdenum deficiency were observed. Molybdenum was very efficiently absorbed at both intakes of dietary molybdenum and urinary excretion increased as dietary molybdenum increased. Molybdenum turnover was significantly slower when dietary molybdenum was low. We estimate from these results that the minimum dietary molybdenum requirement is approximately 25 micrograms/d or possibly less. This suggests that the lower end of the recommended range could be less than the current recommended amount of 75 micrograms/d.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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