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Scand J Gastroenterol. 1995 Feb;30(2):157-63.

Circulating granulocyte antibodies in first attacks of colitis.

Author information

1
Dept of Internal Medicine, Danderyd Hospital, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) have recently been demonstrated in the sera of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

METHODS:

The presence of ANCA was studied in 107 sera obtained during 1 year from 48 patients with a first attack of IBD and in 33 such sera from 19 patients with infectious or infectious-type colitis (non-relapsing colitis (NRC)).

RESULTS:

In 65% (31 of 48) of the IBD patients positive immunofluorescence reactivity against granulocytes was observed, compared with in 5% of the NRC patients. No significant difference in granulocyte reactivity was found either between patients with colonic Crohn's disease and those with ulcerative colitis or between active and inactive phases of the disease. Most of the sera showed a perinuclear immunofluorescence staining pattern (68%), in contrast to the classical cytoplasmic staining pattern seen in Wegener's granulomatosis. In sera obtained at the first visit from the 31 IBD patients with positive granulocyte reactivity a hitherto unknown antibody against beta-glucuronidase was found in 42%, whereas in 45% the specificity was not identified. Other antibodies, rarely seen, were directed against myeloperoxidase, lactoferrin, elastase, and cathepsin G. No antibody directed against lysozyme was detected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Positive granulocyte reactivity practically excluded NRC and was seen in more than half of IBD patients. Antibodies against beta-glucuronidase were common, but still almost half of the antibodies remained unknown.

PMID:
7732339
DOI:
10.3109/00365529509093255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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