Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Parasite Immunol. 1995 Jan;17(1):1-10.

Relationships between maternal malaria and malarial immune responses in mothers and neonates.

Author information

1
Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia.

Abstract

Immune responses of 97 Gambian women and their neonates were studied. New methods distinguished between active and previous placental malaria, were used to examine relationships between maternal malaria and neonatal immune responses. Many placentas (61%) had active or previous malarial infection. Maternal and cord malarial IgG levels correlated (P < 0.001). Malarial IgG was raised in cord blood in active placental malaria; IgM was not detected. Mean lymphoproliferation and the proportion of responders to soluble P. falciparum antigens (F32) and conserved regions of p190 expressed on trophozoites and schizonts (190L and 190N) were higher in neonates than mothers. There was no clear relationship between maternal malaria and neonatal mean lymphoproliferation to malarial antigens, although fewer neonates responded when mothers were actively infected. Matched maternal and neonatal lymphoproliferation responses did not correlate. However, first born neonatal lymphoproliferation to PPD and malarial antigens appeared lower than other neonates, in agreement with lower lymphoproliferation in primigravidae compared with multigravidae. Also in common with mothers, autologous plasma suppressed neonatal lymphoproliferation to PPD and malarial antigens, suggesting common immunoregulation. Higher cortisol or other circulating factors in first pregnancies may be implicated. The relevance of cell-mediated malarial immune responses detected at birth remains to be established.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center