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J Med Chem. 1995 Apr 14;38(8):1273-7.

New (2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine derivatives as 5-HT1A receptor ligands with reduced alpha 1-adrenergic activity. Synthesis and structure-affinity relationships.

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Departamento de Investigaci├│n, FAES, S.A., Leioa Vizcaya, Spain.


New 2-(methoxyphenyl)piperazine derivatives 1 and 2 containing a terminal heteroaryl or cycloalkyl amide fragment were prepared and their 5-HT1A affinities evaluated by radioligand binding assays. The influence of the alkyl chain length or the amide group on affinity was evaluated. A four-carbon chain appears to be optimal when the amide fragment is a heteroaryl group. Derivatives with a cycloalkyl moiety displayed maximum affinity in the two methylene chain series. Electronic distribution within the amide region seems to have an influence on affinity in heteroaryl derivatives. Replacement of the heteroaryl moiety by a cycloalkyl group led to compounds with enhanced affinity. Increasing the lipophilicity of the cycloalkyl derivatives by annelation and/or saturation increased their affinity for the 5-HT1A sites. Compounds with cis-bicyclo[3.3.0]octane (2a, 2c), norbornane (2f, 2g), and norbornene (2h, 2i) groups bind at 5-HT1A sites with 2-10-fold higher affinity than NAN-190. Antagonist activity at alpha 1-adrenergic receptors was evaluated for compounds with high affinity at 5-HT1A sites. Compounds 2a, 2c, 2f, 2g, and 2h strongly bind (Ki = 0.12-0.63 nM) at 5-HT1A receptors and are devoid of antagonist activity at alpha 1-adrenergic receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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