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J Periodontol. 1995 Feb;66(2):131-8.

Periodontal repair in dogs: recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 significantly enhances periodontal regeneration.

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Loma Linda University, CA, USA.


This study evaluated bone and cementum regeneration following periodontal reconstructive surgery using recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in six beagle dogs. Surgically created mandibular supraalveolar premolar tooth defects in contralateral jaw quadrants were randomly assigned to receive rhBMP-2 or control vehicle. Clinical defect height was prepared to 5 mm. rhBMP-2 was applied with synthetic bioerodable particles and autologous blood using 20 micrograms rhBMP-2 per 100 microliters implant volume. Flaps were advanced to submerge the teeth and sutured. The dogs were sacrificed 8 weeks postsurgery. Histometric recordings included defect height, height and area of alveolar bone regeneration, height of cementum regeneration, root resorption, and ankylosis. Group means, standard deviations, and P values are shown (Student t test; n = 6). Histometric defect height for rhBMP-2 and control defects was 3.7 +/- 0.3 and 3.9 +/- 0.4 mm, respectively (P = 0.446). Height of alveolar bone regeneration amounted to 3.5 +/- 0.6 and 0.8 +/- 0.6 mm for rhBMP-2 and control defects, respectively (P = 0.000). Corresponding values for bone area were 8.4 +/- 4.5 and 0.4 +/- 0.5 mm2, respectively (P = 0.006). Cementum regeneration was observed in all experimental defects (17/17) and in 15 out of 17 controls, averaging 1.6 +/- 0.6 and 0.4 +/- 0.3 mm for rhBMP-2 and control defects, respectively (P = 0.005). Small amounts of root resorption were seen in rhBMP-2 defects, whereas controls exhibited substantial resorption (0.2 +/- 0.1 and 1.1 +/- 0.3 mm, respectively; P = 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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