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Dev Biol. 1995 Apr;168(2):438-51.

Characterization of chicken syndecan-3 as a heparan sulfate proteoglycan and its expression during embryogenesis.

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Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington 06030, USA.


Syndecan-3 is one of four identified members of a family of transmembrane proteoglycans (the syndecans) that possess highly similar cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains and may function as extracellular matrix receptors and/or low affinity receptors for signaling molecules such as FGF. We previously reported the cloning of a partial cDNA for chicken syndecan-3. Here we report the isolation of a syndecan-3 cDNA containing additional 5' sequence which includes a potential methionine start codon and putative signal sequence. In vitro translation of syndecan-3 cDNA in the presence and absence of microsomes suggests that the putative signal sequence is functional, suggesting that the cDNA may encompass the full coding sequence. We also identify syndecan-3 as a heparan sulfate proteoglycan and report its expression pattern during chicken embryogenesis using polyclonal antibodies raised against a recombinant fusion protein. We detect abundant syndecan-3 expression in the developing brain and neural tube, including a striking expression in the floor plate of the neural tube. During limb development, syndecan-3 is expressed in the distal mesenchymal cells of the limb bud which are undergoing outgrowth in response to the apical ectodermal ridge. Syndecan-3 is also transiently expressed during the formation of the precartilage condensations of the skeletal elements of the limb and subsequently in association with the differentiating osteoblasts of the periosteum. Expression is also observed in several areas of tissue interactions including the developing lens, otic vesicle, genital ridge, sclerotome, and feather buds.

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