Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Coron Artery Dis. 1994 Dec;5(12):1009-18.

Risk of subsequent cardiac events in stable convalescing patients after first non-Q-wave and Q-wave myocardial infarction: the limited role of non-invasive testing. The Multicenter Myocardial Ischemia Research Group.

Author information

Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York, USA.



Patients recovering from myocardial infarction are frequently evaluated by non-invasive tests for evidence of myocardial ischemia before returning to work or full activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of clinical and non-invasive ischemic test variables assessed in 549 stable, convalescing patients (median 2 months) after their first Q-wave (n = 363) and non-Q-wave (n = 186) myocardial infarction.


The ischemic tests performed were resting ECG, exercise ECG, ambulatory ECG, and stress thallium scintigraphy.


Cardiac events (unstable angina requiring hospitalization, non-fatal reinfarction, or death from cardiac causes) were observed during a mean 23-month follow-up in 57 patients (15.7%) with Q-wave and in 31 of patients (16.7%) with non-Q-wave infarction. In a step-wise Cox regression model, the only significant independent predictors of subsequent cardiac events (P < 0.001) were post-infarction angina and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The type of infarction did not make a significant contribution to the risk of cardiac events (P = 0.29). However, an interaction between infarct type and post-infarction angina was of borderline significance (P = 0.065), with angina associated with more cardiac events in patients with non-Q-wave than in those with Q-wave infarction. None of the ischemic tests contributed significantly to the Cox model in predicting cardiac events in either infarct type.


Stable convalescing patients who have recovered from first Q-wave and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction have similar long-term prognoses. The occurrence of post-infarction angina is associated with increased risk of cardiac events in patients with both infarct types, with more marked effect in non-Q-wave than Q-wave infarctions. Ischemia detected by non-invasive tests performed in the convalescing phase after myocardial infarction was not prognostically useful in either infarct type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center