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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Apr 6;209(1):66-72.

Retinoid agonist activities of synthetic geranyl geranoic acid derivatives.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan.


Micromolar concentrations of 4,5- didehydro geranyl geranoic acid (GGA) were able to induce up-regulation of retinoic acid receptor-beta gene expression in human hepatoma-derived cell line, HuH-7, to the same extent as all-trans RA. In chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) assay with retinoic acid response element-beta, GGA and 4,5-didehydro GGA were both positive, but 2,3-dihydro GGA was negative, even though these GGA derivatives have been reported to be all potent ligands for cellular retinoic-acid-binding protein(CRABP). However, 10,11,14,15- tetrahydro- 4,5- didehydro GGA, a compound without any affinity for CRABP, transactivated CAT gene expression. On the other hand, only GGA and 4,5-didehydro GGA were active to induce CAT gene expression through retinoid X response element of cellular retinol binding protein, type II gene. We show for the first time that chemically synthesized acyclic organic acids are potential agonists of natural retinoids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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