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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1995 Apr 1;318(1):191-9.

Metabolism of fructose-3-phosphate in the diabetic rat lens.

Author information

1
Department of NMR and Medical Spectroscopy, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA.

Abstract

Fructose-3-phosphate and sorbitol-3-phosphate are produced in diabetic rat lenses by a 3-phosphokinase. While sorbitol-3-phosphate appears to be an inert polyol phosphate, fructose-3-phosphate is a potent cross-linking agent and a potential in vivo source of 3-deoxyglucosone. The objective of this study was to investigate the production and decomposition of fructose-3-phosphate in the diabetic rat lens. The results indicate that this metabolite achieves a steady-state concentration of almost 1 mumol/g wet weight within 2 weeks after the onset of diabetes. These steady-state levels appear to be a consequence of a balance between its production from fructose and its further decomposition to 3-deoxyglucosone. This conclusion is supported by results from disappearance of fructose-3-phosphate in insulin-treated diabetic rats and in vitro incubations of fructose-3-phosphate with amines where production of 3-deoxyglucosone was detected using a number of different methods including mass spectrometry. In agreement with these results, elevated concentrations of 3-deoxyglucosone along with its detoxification product, 3-deoxyfructose, were detected in the diabetic rat lenses. Other sugars and sugar phosphates which were detectable in the diabetic rat lenses were glucose, fructose, glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-6-phosphate, and sedoheptulose-7-phosphate. In conclusion, results from this study suggest that fructose-3-phosphate and 3-deoxyglucosone are likely to be important contributors to the process of nonenzymatic glycation in diabetic rat lenses.

PMID:
7726561
DOI:
10.1006/abbi.1995.1220
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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