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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995 Feb;39(2):320-4.

Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus integrase by bis-catechols.

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Department of Antiviral Research, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.


The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase protein is required for the productive infection of T-lymphoid cells in culture (R. L. LaFemina, C. L. Schneider, H. L. Robbins, P. L. Callahan, K. LeGrow, E. Roth, W. A. Schleif, and E. A. Emini, J. Virol. 66:7414-7419, 1992). This observation suggests that chemical inhibitors of integrase may prevent the spread of HIV in infected individuals. In our search for such potential chemotherapeutic agents, we observed that beta-conidendrol inhibits both the sequence-dependent and sequence-independent endonucleolytic activities of integrase with comparable potencies in vitro (50% inhibitory concentration, 500 nM). Structurally related compounds tested for their abilities to inhibit integrase generated a limited structure-activity analysis which demonstrated that potency is associated with the bis-catechol structure: two pairs of adjacent hydroxyls on separate benzene rings. beta-Conidendrol did not inhibit several other endonucleases and/or phosphoryltransferases. Although beta-conidendrol was not effective in preventing HIV-1 infection in cell culture, the in vitro data demonstrate that it is possible to identify selective agents targeted against this essential HIV-1 function.

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