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Metabolism. 1995 Apr;44(4):452-9.

Compartmental modeling of glucagon kinetics in the conscious dog.

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Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.


The aim of the present study was to examine glucagon metabolism and distribution using both compartmental-modeling approaches and steady-state organ-balance techniques in conscious, overnight-fasted dogs. Arterial plasma glucose concentrations were clamped at 14 mmol/L with a variable exogenous glucose infusion. Somatostatin was infused to block endogenous secretion of insulin and glucagon. Insulin was replaced intraportally at 2.4 to maintain basal insulin concentrations in the range from 70 +/- 4 to 95 +/- 12 pmol/L. Glucagon was not given during the control period, but was subsequently infused peripherally in four 1-hour steps of 1.0, 3.0, 6.0, and 3.0 Glucagon levels increased from 0 to 68 +/- 6, 195 +/- 19, 378 +/- 47, and 181 +/- 20 ng/mL. Compartmental analysis of glucagon concentrations showed that glucagon was distributed in one compartment with a volume approximately equal to the plasma volume. The metabolic clearance rate of glucagon was 17.6 The liver cleared 24% of glucagon, and the kidneys, 17%.

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