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Leukemia. 1995 Apr;9(4):711-8.

Establishment of a novel myeloma cell line KPMM2 carrying t(3;14)(q21;q32), which proliferates specifically in response to interleukin-6 through an autocrine mechanism.

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Second Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan.


We established a new human myeloma cell line, KPMM2, which proliferates specifically in response to IL-6 via an autocrine mechanism. The proliferative response of KPMM2 cells to exogenous IL-6 was significantly stimulated in a dose-dependent manner. The growth was markedly inhibited by an anti-IL-6 mAb and an anti-IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) mAb in a dose-dependent manner. KPMM2 cells expressed IL-6 and IL-6R mRNA by RT-PCR. Flow cytometric analysis showed cell surface expression of IL-6R. IL-6 protein was detected in the culture supernatant by ELISA. IL-11, oncostatin M and leukemia inhibitory factor had no effect on the proliferation of KPMM2 cells although interferon-alpha and interferon-gamma inhibited the growth. Furthermore, KPMM2 cells bore a t(3;14)(q21;q32) translocation and this finding is of potential interest for future studies in the light of the nuclear protein BM28 (CDCL1, for cdc-like 1) mapped on 3q21, which plays an important role in the cell cycle. In this report, we demonstrated completely an IL-6-dependent autocrine growth mechanism in KPMM2 cell line. This cell line may be useful to investigate the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma and to evaluate the therapeutic potential of IL-6 blocking agents in vitro and in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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