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J Biol Chem. 1995 Apr 21;270(16):9241-9.

Development of a receptor peptide antagonist to human gamma-interferon and characterization of its ligand-bound conformation using transferred nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy.

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Department of Structural Chemistry, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033-0539, USA.


Polyclonal anti-idiotypic antibody raised to a synthetic discontinuous peptide derived from the human gamma-interferon (huIFN-gamma) sequence recognizes soluble human gamma-interferon receptor (Seelig, G. F., Prosise, W. W., and Taremi, S. S. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 358-363). We sought to use this reagent to identify a ligand-binding domain within IFN-gamma-receptor. To do this, the neutralizing anti-idiotypic antibody was used to probe overlapping linear peptide octamers of the extracellular domain of the huIFN-gamma receptor. A 22-amino-acid residue receptor segment 120-141 identified by the antibody was synthesized. CD and NMR analysis indicates that peptide 120-141 has no apparent secondary structure in water or in water containing 50% trifluoroethanol. The synthetic receptor peptide inhibited huIFN-gamma induced expression of HLA/DR antigen on Colo 205 cells with an approximate IC50 of 35 microM. Immobilized peptide specifically bound recombinant huIFN-gamma but did not bind human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor on a microtiter plate in a direct binding enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The binding results are supported by two-dimensional transferred nuclear Overhauser effect (TRNOE) NMR data obtained on the peptide in the presence of recombinant huIFN-gamma. Characterization of the conformation of the bound peptide by TRNOE suggests that this peptide assumes a distinct conformation. Intramolecular interactions within the bound peptide were detected at two non-contiguous regions and at a third region comprising a beta-turn formed by the sequence DIRK. We believe that this represents the structure of the receptor within the ligand-binding domain.

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