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Endocrinology. 1995 May;136(5):1828-34.

Signaling properties of mouse and human corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors: decreased coupling efficiency of human type II CRF receptor.

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  • 1Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

CRF is the primary neuroregulator of the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We have recently cloned a mouse CRF receptor (mCRF-R) complementary DNA (cDNA) from an AtT-20 cell cDNA library by polymerase chain reaction. To compare the functions of mCRF-R to those of the human type I and type II CRF receptors (hCRF-RI and hCRF-RII), cDNAs were cloned into the expression vector pcDNA1 and transfected into COS-7 cells. CRF binding and CRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation as well as phosphoinositide hydrolysis were measured. Scatchard analysis of the binding of 125I-labeled [Tyr0]r/hCRF ([125I]CRF) to COS-7 cells expressing mCRF-R and hCRF-RI cDNAs revealed the same apparent Kd (9 nM). In contrast, the apparent binding Kd for hCRF-RII was 20 nM CRF. Maximal stimulatory concentrations (1 microM) of rat/human CRF-(1-41) (r/hCRF) increased cAMP accumulation in COS-7 cells transfected with mCRF-R, hCRF-RI, and hCRF-RII cDNA plasmid (10 micrograms each) from basal values of 8-19 pmol/10(5) cells.15 min to 84 +/- 10, 87 +/- 16, and 45 +/- 16 pmol/10(5) cells.15 min, respectively. The EC50 values of r/hCRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation in COS-7 cells expressing mCRF-R and hCRF-RI cDNAs were similar at 0.4 +/- 0.2 and 0.7 +/- 0.2 nM, respectively. Conversely, the EC50 of r/hCRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation in hCRF-RII-transfected COS-7 cells was 47.5 +/- 18.9 nM. As the level of expression of hCRF-RII was lower than that of hCRF-RI, we compared r/hCRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation in COS-7 cells expressing low and high levels of hCRF-RI. The EC50 for r/hCRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation in COS-7 cells transfected with hCRF-RI did not change when receptor expression was varied by a factor of 1- to 8.4-fold. In contrast, the EC50 for r/hCRF-stimulated cAMP accumulation mediated by hCRF-RII was at least 100-fold higher than that mediated by the hCRF-RI in COS-7 cells, which suggests poor coupling between hCRF-RII and adenylate cyclase. Inositol phosphate (IP) levels were also determined in mCRF-R, hCRF-RI, and hCRF-RII cDNA-transfected COS-7 cells stimulated with increasing concentrations of r/hCRF. r/hCRF-stimulated IPs accumulation was dose dependent in COS-7 cells expressing mCRF-R and hCRF-RI using 100 and 1000 nM r/hCRF. Concentrations of 10 (or less) nM r/hCRF had no effect on IP generation. hCRF-RII did not mediate stimulation of IP even at 1000 nM r/hCRF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
7720627
DOI:
10.1210/endo.136.5.7720627
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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