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Curr Eye Res. 1995 Jan;14(1):55-62.

Involvement of LFA-1 and ICAM-1 in the herpetic disease resulting from HSV-1 corneal infection.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612 USA.

Abstract

Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) corneal infection in immunologically normal mice results in a transient epithelial lesion followed in about 2 weeks by a potentially blinding inflammatory response in the corneal stroma, and a mild blepharitis. Similarly infected T cell-deficient mice do not develop corneal stromal inflammation, but exhibit severe periocular skin disease and succumb to viral encephalitis. The role of certain adhesion molecules in both T cell activation, and in the extravasation of inflammatory cells from the blood into inflammatory sites is now being established. These studies investigated the involvement of the adhesion pair LFA-1/ICAM-1 in the disease that results from HSV-1 corneal infection in mice. Treatment of mice with mAb to LFA-1 beginning 1 day before HSV-1 corneal infection resulted in a delay in the onset of stromal inflammation, but ultimately stromal inflammation developed to a normal extent. This treatment also caused a significant exacerbation of periocular skin disease, but did not render mice susceptible to encephalitis. Treatment with mAb to ICAM-1 beginning 1 day before HSV-1 corneal infection caused an acceleration of both stromal inflammation and periocular skin disease, and rendered mice uniformly susceptible to lethal encephalitis. Treatment with either mAb beginning 6 days after HSV-1 corneal infection did not significantly affect the clinical course of herpetic disease. Our findings suggest that LFA-1 may play a role in the early phase of corneal stromal inflammation following HSV-1 corneal infection. Both LFA-1 and ICAM-1 appear to be important for protection of the skin from HSV-1 infection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7720405
DOI:
10.3109/02713689508999914
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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