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Cell. 1995 Apr 7;81(1):63-71.

The torso receptor tyrosine kinase can activate Raf in a Ras-independent pathway.

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1
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) torso defines the spatial domains of expression of the transcription factors tailless and huckebein. Previous analyses have demonstrated that Ras1 (p21ras) operates upstream of the D-Raf (Raf1) serine/threonine kinase in this signaling pathway. By using a recently developed technique of germline mosaics, we find that D-Raf can be activated by torso in the complete absence of Ras1. This result is supported by analysis of D-Raf activation in the absence of either the exchange factor Son of sevenless (Sos) or the adaptor protein drk (Grb2), as well as by the phenotype of a D-Raf mutation that abolishes binding of Ras1 to D-Raf. Our study provides in vivo evidence that Raf can be activated by an RTK in a Ras-independent pathway.

PMID:
7720074
DOI:
10.1016/0092-8674(95)90371-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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