Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Obes Res. 1995 Mar;3(2):179-89.

Dietary fat is shunted away from oxidation, toward storage in obese Zucker rats.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, CO, USA.

Abstract

Previous measurements of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in adipose tissue (ATLPL) of lean and obese Zucker rats have consistently documented increased activity in obese rats relative to lean. Since LPL is considered to be rate limiting for the delivery of triglyceride fatty acids (TGFA) to muscle and adipose tissue, these data have been used to suggest that the metabolic partitioning of TGFA favors storage over oxidation in obese rats. To document the partitioning of TGFA directly, the fate of 14C labeled oleic acid (42nmols) was fed to lean, obese, and obese Zucker rats fed a hypocaloric diet designed to chronically reduce weight 25% below that of obese controls (reduced-obese). The amount of 14C recovered in CO2 over 6 hours following ingestion was significantly less in obese rats compared to lean (0.45 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.88 +/- 0.09nmols, p = .0004) and less still in the reduced obese group (0.34 +/- 0.06nmols p = .00003). Six hours after ingestion, the quantity of label found in adipose tissue was significantly greater in the obese rats compared to lean (14.51 +/- 1.92 vs. 1.38 +/- 0.29nmols p < .00001), but was intermediate in the reduced-obese group (9.23 +/- 0.98nmols p = .0003). At 2.2 hours there was significantly more label in skeletal muscle of lean rats compared to either obese or reduced-obese (2.33 +/- 0.24; 1.35 +/- 0.04nmols p = .01; 1.41 +/- 0.27nm p = .02). However, at 6 hours these differences between groups were no longer present. These finding Indicate that dietary fat is shunted away from oxidation toward storage in obese Zucker rats. Additionally it appears that there may be a relative block in the oxidation of TGFA that is taken up by skeletal muscle in obese rats. Finally the relative normalization of this partitioning defect in reduced-obese rats is at variance with what was suggested by previous measurements of tissue specific levels of LPL, and suggests an enhanced recirculation of fatty acids from adipose tissue to muscle in reduced-obese rats. This could occur through increased delivery of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) to muscle as a result of an increase in net lipolysis.

PMID:
7719964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center