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Biochemistry. 1995 Apr 11;34(14):4724-32.

Hydrogen bonds and the pH dependence of ovomucoid third domain stability.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.

Abstract

Thermal denaturation of turkey ovomucoid third domain (OMTKY3) has been monitored with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and circular dichroism in H2O and D2O, pH 1.5 to 5 and ionic strength 0.01 to 0.71. Results from DSC experiments are in good agreement with spectroscopic studies [Swint, L., & Robertson, A.D. (1993) Protein Sci. 2, 2037-2049] and fit well to the two-state unfolding model. The average ratio of calorimetric to van't Hoff enthalpies is 0.99 +/- 0.03 (n = 16), and the average value of delta Cp is 620 +/- 20 cal/(mol K) (n = 7). The free energy of unfolding (delta G(u)o) increases in the presence of salt at both pH 1.5 and 4.5. This stabilization is not due to ion binding and probably results from screened repulsive interactions between the cationic groups of OMTKY3. At very low ionic strength, the change in delta G(u)o from pH 1.5 to 4.5, delta delta GpHo, is 3.5 +/- 0.2 kcal/mol. Few interactions between ionizing groups are affected by the addition of 200 mM KCl; delta delta GpHo decreases by only 0.4 +/- 0.3 kcal/mol. Comparison of delta delta GpHo with values calculated from the pKas of all six carboxyl groups in OMTKY3 [Schaller, W.S., & Robertson, A.D. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 4714-4723] suggests that some pKas in the denatured state may be lower than those of model compounds. Moreover, calculated values of delta delta GpHo are very sensitive to modest changes in the cooperativity of proton binding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7718578
DOI:
10.1021/bi00014a029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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