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Toxicology. 1995 Mar 31;97(1-3):225-34.

Epitope mapping of beta-lactam antibiotics with the use of monoclonal antibodies.

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1
Research Unit for Allergic Diseases, Hospital Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain.

Abstract

In order to evaluate the antigenic contribution of different regions of the penicillin molecule, monoclonal antibodies were raised against amoxicillin-protein conjugates and their specificities analysed in detail. A random sample of the clones produced was analysed by a quantitative inhibition-ELISA, using, as inhibitors, monomeric conjugates of the following antibiotics to butylamine (BA), amoxicillin (AX), ampicillin (AMP), benzylpenicillin (BP) and the nuclear part of these, 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA); and different parts of the following molecules: N-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-glycine (PHPG), N-phenylglycine (NPG), phenylacetic acid (PA) and thiazolidine (TIAZ). The results showed that 92% of the antibodies recognized an epitope in which the side chain was a major constituent, although with variable contributions from other regions of the molecule. There was a high degree of crossreactivity with aminopenicillins, but low or absent crossreactivity with BP. None of the antibodies recognized the thiazolidine ring or the conjugated nuclear region of the penicillins. Finally, one antibody seemed to recognize, equally, all the different structures tested. The possible relevance of these results to penicillin allergy is discussed.

PMID:
7716788
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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