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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 Jan;14(1):17-22.

Measles vaccination of infants in a well-vaccinated population.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

During outbreaks of measles, measles vaccine is recommended for infants considered to be at risk who are 6 months of age and older. In a prospective trial the serologic response to early measles immunization has been evaluated in 125 infants given monovalent measles vaccine at 6 to 8.5 months of age and measles-mumps-rubella at 15 months. The response to vaccination was measured by plaque reduction neutralization (PRN) assay and enzyme immunoassay. Infants were grouped by the mother's immunization history: natural immunity (n = 60, Group 1); killed followed by live, further attenuated vaccine (n = 22, Group 2); and live, further attenuated vaccine only (n = 43, Group 3). The prevaccination geometric mean titer (GMT) by PRN for Group 1 (GMT = 69) was significantly higher than that of Group 2 (GMT = 18) or 3 (GMT = 13). Seroconversion (4-fold increase in PRN titer) rates after monovalent vaccine were 31, 71 and 76% for Groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Seroconversion percentages were higher when measured 6 to 8 weeks after vaccination compared with 4 to 5 weeks. After measles-mumps-rubella > or = 97% of all infants had PRN titers > 120 and were measles IgG-positive by enzyme immunoassay. These data show that as demographics shift to a well-vaccinated maternal population and susceptibility in younger infants, measles vaccination before the currently recommended age will be effective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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