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Nature. 1995 Apr 13;374(6523):653-6.

A TBP-TAF complex required for transcription of human snRNA genes by RNA polymerase II and III.

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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York 11724, USA.


The TATA-box-binding protein TBP exists in the cell complexed with different sets of TBP-associated factors (TAFs). In general, each of these TBP-TAF complexes is dedicated to transcription by a single RNA polymerase. Thus, SL1, TFIID and TFIIIB are required for transcription by polymerases I, II and III, respectively. Here we characterize a fourth TBP-TAF complex called SNAPc. Unlike the other TBP-TAF complexes, SNAPc is implicated in transcription by two types of polymerases; it is required for transcription of both the RNA polymerase II and III small-nuclear RNA genes and binds specifically to the proximal sequence element PSE, a non-TATA-box basal promoter element common to these two types of genes. In addition to TBP, SNAPc is composed of at least three TAFs, SNAP43, SNAP45 and SNAP50. The predicted amino-acid sequence of SNAP43 reveals that it corresponds to a new protein.

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