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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1995 Apr;273(1):176-84.

The in vitro and in vivo pharmacologic activity of the potent and selective leukotriene B4 receptor antagonist CP-105696.

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Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Pfizer Inc, Groton, Connecticut, USA.


CP-105696, (+)-1-(3S,4R)-[3-(4-phenyl-benzyl)-4-hydroxy-chroman-7-yl] cyclopentane carboxylic acid, is a structurally novel, selective and potent leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonist. In vitro, CP-105696 inhibited [3H]LTB4 (0.3 nM) binding to high-affinity LTB4 receptors on human neutrophils with an IC50 value of 8.42 +/- 0.26 nM. Scatchard analyses of [3H]LTB4 binding to these high-affinity receptors indicated that CP-105696 acted as a noncompetitive antagonist. CP-105696 inhibited human neutrophil chemotaxis mediated by LTB4 (5 nM) in a noncompetitive manner with an IC50 value of 5.0 +/- 2.0 nM. Scatchard analyses of [3H]LTB4 binding to low-affinity receptors on neutrophils indicated that CP-105696 acted as a competitive antagonist at this receptor, and inhibition of LTB4-mediated CD11b upregulation on human neutrophils was competitively inhibited by CP-105696 (pA2 = 8.03 +/- 0.19). CP-105696 at 10 microM did not inhibit either human neutrophil chemotaxis or CD11b upregulation mediated through alternate (i.e., C5a, IL-8, PAF) G-protein coupled chemotactic factor receptors. In isolated human monocytes, LTB4 (5 nM)-mediated Ca++ mobilization was inhibited by CP-105696 with an IC50 value of 940 +/- 70 nM. In vivo, after oral administration, CP-105696 blocked neutrophil and eosinophil infiltration in cavine dermis mediated by either LTB4 or arachidonic acid with ED50 values of 0.3 +/- 0.1 mg/kg. 12(R)-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid-mediated neutrophil infiltration was blocked by 76.4 +/- 14.8% at 3 mg/kg.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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