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J Pharm Pharmacol. 1994 Dec;46(12):982-5.

Kojic acid, a cosmetic skin whitening agent, is a slow-binding inhibitor of catecholase activity of tyrosinase.

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1
Departamento de Bioquimíca y Biología Molecular A, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Murcia, Spain.

Abstract

It was found that kojic acid, which is used in cosmetics for its excellent whitening effect, inhibits catecholase activity of tyrosinase in a non-classical manner. A decrease in the initial velocity to a steady-state inhibited velocity can be observed over a few minutes. This time-dependence, which is unaltered by prior incubation of the enzyme with the inhibitor, is consistent with a first-order transition. The kinetic data obtained correspond to those for a postulated mechanism that involves the rapid formation of an enzyme inhibitor complex that subsequently undergoes a relatively slow reversible reaction. Kinetic parameters characterizing this type of inhibition were evaluated by means of nonlinear regression of product accumulation curves.

PMID:
7714722
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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