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J Clin Psychiatry. 1995;56 Suppl 4:7-12; discussion 13.

Body dysmorphic disorder, pathological gambling, and sexual compulsions.

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Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.


This article focuses on body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), pathological gambling, and sexual compulsions within the realm of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. These three disorders affect sizable numbers of the population, have an early age at onset and chronic courses, and seem to have a preferential response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs). They also have a high comorbidity with obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, and other impulse control disorders. BDD patients lie more toward the compulsive/risk-aversive end of the dimensional model of obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder and often have poor insight. Pathological gambling patients lie more toward the impulsivity/novelty-seeking end of the OCD spectrum and often have features of inattention. Sexual obsessions and/or compulsions encompass a heterogeneous group of disorders, as exhibited by differential response to SRIs within this group. These three disorders fall within a new and evolving field that requires further investigation and reconceptualization. This concept may have far-reaching consequences and yield more significant treatment outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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