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Genomics. 1994 Dec;24(3):472-7.

Molecular cloning, cDNA sequence, and chromosomal localization of the human phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase p110 alpha (PIK3CA) gene.

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Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.


Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase is a heterodimeric enzyme comprising a 110-kDa catalytic subunit and an 85-kDa regulatory subunit that binds to tyrosine phosphopeptide sites linked directly or indirectly to receptors serving diverse signal functions. Knowledge of the structure and function of PI 3-kinase was greatly advanced by the purification, cDNA cloning, and subsequent expression of the bovine enzyme. Here the cloning of the cDNA for the human p110 alpha subunit of PI 3-kinase (PIK3CA), encoding a protein 99% identical to the bovine p110, and of its gene in YAC is described. The chromosomal localization of the gene for PIK3CA is shown to be at 3q21-qter as determined using somatic cell hybrids. In situ hybridization performed using Alu-PCR from the YAC DNA located the gene in 3q26.3.

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