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Gen Pharmacol. 1995 Jan;26(1):225-8.

Effect of nifedipine, verapamil and diltiazem on the enzyme-inducing activity of phenobarbital and beta-naphthoflavone.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia.

Abstract

1. The effects of three calcium antagonists (CA), nifedipine (NF), verapamil (V) and diltiazem (DL) on the enzyme-inducing activity of phenobarbital (PB) and beta-naphthoflavone (beta-NF) were measured by hexobarbital (HB) sleeping time, benzphetamine-N-demethylase (BND) ethoxycourmarin-O-deethylase (ECOD) and ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activities, as well as by the cytochrome P-450 and cytochrome b5 content. 2. NF, V and DL at oral doses of 100, 80 and 60 mg/kg administered 1 hr before PB additionally shortened the HB sleeping time. 3. Single administration of calcium antagonists on the background of developed PB-provoked enzyme induction prolonged the PB-shortened hexobarbital sleeping time. 4. Three day administration of NF, V and DL plus PB slightly decreased the enzyme-inducing effect of PB on BND activity and cytochrome P-450 and cytochrome b5 content. 5. NF and V administered only once after PB-provoked enzyme induction increased the PB enzyme-inducing effect on BND activity and on the content of cytochrome P-450. DL decreased the PB-induced BND activity and cytochrome P-450 and cytochrome b5 content. 6. The calcium antagonists studied affected the enzyme-inducing activity of beta-NF to a lesser extent when compared to PB. Only NF was found to potentiate the enzyme-inducing effect of beta-NF on the EROD activity and on the cytochrome P-450 content.

PMID:
7713363
DOI:
10.1016/0306-3623(94)e0044-m
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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