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Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 1994 Winter;18(4):531-6.

Physiological mechanisms regulating photic induction of Fos-like protein in hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus.

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Department of Physiology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


Immediate early genes including c-fos are selectively induced in cells of the hamster suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) by nocturnal light stimulation, suggesting that the Fos protein may play a role in the photic entrainment of circadian rhythms. To examine the physiological regulation of the induction of c-fos in the SCN, we studied the effects of antagonists of excitatory amino acids (EAA) receptors on photic induction of Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-lir) in the hamster SCN. We also examined the effects of electrical stimulation of the intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) to see whether neural input from IGL to SCN is involved in the induction of Fos protein in SCN cells. The results indicate that for most SCN cells EAA receptors mediate photic input involved in Fos induction but that another mechanism affects cells in restricted area of the caudal SCN. The neurochemical mechanisms and pathways by which these cells are activated by light remain undetermined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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