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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1994;9(12):1759-64.

Calcium balance and serum ionized calcium fluctuations in on-line haemodiafiltration in relation to ultrafiltration rate and dialysate calcium concentration.

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Servizio di Dialisi, Ospedale Maggiore, Lodi, Italy.


The use of high ultrafiltration rates in haemodiafiltration (HDF) has been suggested for improving the clearance of small and large molecules. This strategy has become economically applicable with the development of safe techniques for on-line production of sterile infusate from dialysate, which enables us to infuse large substitution fluid volumes without further increasing the cost of sessions. The effect of increasing the ultrafiltration rate in HDF on electrolyte balance has not yet been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of variations of the ultrafiltration rate on calcium kinetics in HDF using three different dialysate calcium concentrations. Since the increase in ultrafiltration rate augments the convective calcium loss, variations of intrasession calcium balance could result from modifications of the ultrafiltration rate. In the present study we found no significant variations in calcium balance and serum ionized calcium (iCa) levels during on-line HDF treatment when increasing the mean ultrafiltration rate from 60 to 100 ml/min in the presence of an adequate and corresponding increase in the infusion rate (from 2.5 to 5 l/h). During the balance studies, pretreatment serum iCa was on the average 1.32 mmol/l and weight loss 3.2 kg. Mean calcium loss during treatment was 2.8 and 3.3 mmol at infusion rates of 2.5 and 5 l/h with 1.63 mmol/l of calcium in both the dialysate and infusate; calcium loss rose to 5.9 and 11.2 mmol at infusion rates of 2.5 l/h and to 5.7 and 14.2 mmol at infusion rates of 5 l/h when the dialysate and infusate calcium was reduced respectively to 1.5 and 1.25 mmol/l.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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