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J Med Assoc Thai. 1994 Sep;77(9):449-54.

Compliance of population groups of iodine fortification in an endemic area of goiter in northeast Thailand.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University.


Methods of iodine fortification were tested among women of child bearing ages in four villages of Khon Kaen province, an endemic area of goiter in northeast Thailand, Ban Wang Pa Dum, Ban Pa Klauy and Ban Non Chart received iodine fortified in fish sauce, salt and drinking water respectively, whereas, Ban Non Sa-aad served as a control village. Urine iodine concentrations were investigated before supplement and after three and six months of the experimental period. Three months after supplement, urine iodine levels of villagers from Ban Non Chart and Ban Non Sa-aad were higher than those of Ban Wang Pa Dum and Ban Pa Klauy. Six months later, subjects from Ban Wang Pa Dum and Ban Pa Klauy who had received fortified fish sauce and iodinated salt respectively had significantly higher urine iodine concentrations than those of the other two villages. The result implied that fortified fish sauce and iodinated salt were well accepted by the villagers. However, fortified fish sauce might be the best and most feasible method because villagers use fish sauce more constantly in cooking and salting dishes.

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