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J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 1994 Dec;25(4):283-91.

A trial of eye movement desensitization compared to image habituation training and applied muscle relaxation in post-traumatic stress disorder.

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University of Sydney, Australia.


Thirty-six patients with PTSD were randomly allocated to individual treatment with imaginal exposure (image habituation training -- IHT), or applied muscle relaxation (AMR) or eye movement desensitization (EMD). Assessment by a blind independent rater and self-report instruments applied pre and posttreatment and at 3-month follow-up indicated that all groups improved significantly compared with a waiting list and that treatment benefits were maintained at follow-up. Despite a failure to demonstrate differences among groups, there was some suggestion that immediately after treatment EMD was superior for intrusive memories.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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