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Eur J Immunol. 1995 Mar;25(3):717-22.

Molecular characterization of leukocyte adhesion deficiency in six patients.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, GB.


Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is caused by defects in the CD18 gene, which codes for the common beta 2 subunit of the leukocyte integrins LFA-1, Mac-1 and p150,95. Failure to produce a functional beta 2 subunit results in the defective expression of all three leukocyte integrins, and the leukocytes of LAD patients have subnormal adhesion properties. Six patients with LAD were studied. Patient B was homozygous and carried a G284S mutation. A two-bp (GA) deletion at position 1256 (1256 delta GA) was found in the cDNA of patient C, who also had an abnormally large mRNA of 4.3 kb. Patients E and K were siblings and were heterozygous at the genomic level. One defective allele contained a mutation in intron 6/7 which created a preemptive 3' splice site. The resulting mRNA has 12 extra bases at the junction of exons 6 and 7, coding for four extra residues PSSQ in the protein. The same allele also carried a R586W mutation. The other allele was transcribed at a low level and was not characterized. Patient G carried a L149P mutation in one allele; again, the other allele was not characterized due to low transcription levels. Patient R carried two mutant alleles with G284S and R593C mutations respectively. The G284S mutation and the 1256 delta GA deletion have not been reported previously. CD18 cDNA carrying the abnormalities were cotransfected with normal CD11a or CD11b cDNA into COS cells. Expression of the LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) antigens on COS cells was not detected, suggesting that these two mutations are sufficient to account for LAD.

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