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Mol Cell Neurosci. 1994 Dec;5(6):642-8.

Opioid inhibition of adrenergic and dopaminergic but not serotonergic stimulation of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone release from immortalized hypothalamic neurons.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa 33612.


Opioids are known to have an inhibitory effect on the secretion of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) when administered to whole animals in vivo or when applied to hypothalamic fragments in vitro. Whether opioids have this effect by acting directly on the LHRH secreting neurons or require the mediation of an interneuron is controversial. To examine this question, a clonal cell line derived from a hypothalamic neuron (GT1-7) was perfused and fractions collected every 6 min. Morphine treatment had no effect on basal secretion of LHRH, nor on the spontaneous, pulsatile release of LHRH. Isoproterenol, dopamine, and serotonin all produced significant increments in LHRH secretion. Pretreatment of GT1-7 cells for 2 h with morphine, suppressed the LHRH response to isoproterenol and dopamine but had no apparent effect on serotonin-induced LHRH release. These data indicate that morphine has a direct effect on GT1-7 cells that alters their responsiveness to some, but not all, LHRH secretagogues. These results suggest that, in vivo, the inhibitory effects that opioids have on LHRH release may not require an interneuron.

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