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Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1994 Jul;87(7):925-30.

[Permanent cardiac stimulation after aortic valve replacement: incidence, predictive factors and long-term prognosis].

[Article in French]

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Service de cardiologie, CHU Morvan, Brest.


Between January 1981 and June 1992, 382 patients, operated by the same surgical team, underwent aortic valve replacement for pure severe aortic stenosis. This population was divided into 2 groups according to whether or not surgery was complicated by the development of a conduction defect (atrioventricular and/or intraventricular block), necessitating permanent cardiac pacing. The aim of this study was to analyse not only the incidence and predictive factors but also the long-term prognosis of the paced patients (Group II: 22 patients) in comparison with the control group (Group I: 360 patients). The results showed: the incidence of permanent cardiac pacing after this type of surgery remains low (5.7%); the predictive factors of atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacing were: pre-existing conduction defect (p < 0.02), decreased ejection fraction (p < 0.05), calcification extending to the subaortic interventricular septum (p < 0.0001); the long-term prognosis of the patients was good with 5 and 10 year actuarial survival rates of 95.4% and 68.9% respectively, identical to those of the control group.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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