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Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Mar 10;246(5):619-27.

Efficient translation of an SSA1-derived heat-shock mRNA in yeast cells limited for cap-binding protein and eIF-4F.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Abstract

Eukaryotic mRNA molecules have a 5' cap structure that is recognized by the cap-binding component of translation initiation factor eIF-4F during protein synthesis. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae this cap-binding protein is encoded by the CDC33 gene. We report here that decreased global translation initiation in cdc33 mutant cells has virtually no effect on the translation of mRNA from the SSA1-lacZ chimeric gene, comprised of yeast SSA1 hsp70 gene transcription and translation initiation sequences fused in-frame to the bacterial lacZ gene. When global translation initiation was limited in cdc33 mutant cells, Ssa1-LacZ polypeptide synthesis was increased relative to total protein synthesis, and the beta-galactosidase activity of the Ssa1-LacZ fusion protein was induced to wild-type levels. The normal rate of Ssa1-LacZ polypeptide synthesis in mutant cells was maintained by normal levels of SSA1-lacZ mRNA. Furthermore, in cdc33 mutant cells, the size of polysomes containing SSA1-lacZ mRNA was unaffected, while polysomes containing other specific mRNAs were smaller. Efficient Ssa1-LacZ polypeptide synthesis was also seen during eIF-4F limitation produced by disruption of the TIF4631 gene, encoding the large eIF-4F subunit. All of these findings indicate efficient SSA1-lacZ mRNA usage under conditions of globally impaired translation initiation due to eIF-4F limitation.

PMID:
7700235
DOI:
10.1007/bf00298969
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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