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J Cutan Pathol. 1994 Dec;21(6):541-8.

Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin: a light-microscopic and immunohistochemical study.

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Department of Dermatology Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain.


Cutaneous carcinoma histopathologically resembling nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been termed lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin. We present an additional example of this rare cutaneous neoplasm that was located on the left temple of an 83-year-old woman. Serology for Epstein-Barr virus was negative, and exploration of the nasopharyngeal region disclosed no abnormalities. Histopathologically, the neoplasm consisted of a relatively well-circumscribed, dermal-hypodermal nodule composed of irregular aggregates of epithelial cells with vesicular nuclei, some of them in mitosis, and scant cytoplasm. A dense lymphocytic infiltrate was present within the neoplastic aggregates, obscuring the epithelial component, and at scanning magnification, the lesion closely resembled cutaneous lymphoma or pseudolymphoma. There was focal sebaceous differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity in the epithelial component for AE1/AE3 and AEB-903 cytokeratins and negativity for 8-18 cytokeratins. The inflammatory infiltrate was positive for leukocyte common antigen, UCHL-1, L-26, Leu-22, and OPD-4 in variable proportions. Scattered cells within this inflammatory infiltrate were also positive for S-100 protein, vimentin, HAM-56, and MAC-387. In situ hybridization investigations for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus genomic DNA yielded negative results. Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin is a distinct cutaneous neoplasm of unknown histogenesis, although some foci of adnexal differentiation have been found in some specimens. The possibility of cutaneous metastasis from occult nasopharyngeal carcinoma should be ruled out.

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