Send to

Choose Destination
Immunol Rev. 1994 Dec;142:321-42.

Promotion and inhibition of activation-induced apoptosis in T-cell hybridomas by oncogenes and related signals.

Author information

Division of Cellular Immunology, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, CA 92037.


The Two Signal: Death/Survival Model suggests that cellular proliferation and physiological cell death should be intimately associated such that, in the absence of external influences, a normal cell departing from rest will have an equal probability of undergoing either process. The c-Myc protooncogene product has been implicated in cell cycle progression and in the control of gene expression, and more recently c-Myc has also been seen to promote apoptotic cell death. As predicted from the model, c-Myc-induced apoptosis is inhibited by growth factors or other anti-apoptotic signals including those provided by some oncogenes. Here, we discuss experiments that test the Two Signal: Death/Survival Model in the phenomenon of activation-induced apoptosis in T-cell hybridomas. Ligation of the antigen receptor on these cells leads to activation, resulting in cytokine production and apoptosis. Inhibition of c-Myc expression by addition of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides or transforming growth factor beta inhibits this form of apoptosis. Because c-Myc is known to bind to several cellular proteins, including Max, we further examined the effects of expression of a dominant negative Max on activation-induced apoptosis. We found that this Max mutant, which interferes with the function of the Myc/Max heterodimer, inhibits the induction of apoptosis by antigen receptor ligation. Thus, both Myc and Max play roles in activation-induced apoptosis, presumably via control of gene expression. Further, as predicted, signals generated from growth factor receptors or the v-Abl oncogene interfere with activation-induced apoptosis. In contrast, the anti-apoptotic effects of Bcl-2 are not active in this form of apoptosis. Finally, a role for Fas/Fas-ligand interactions in activation-induced apoptosis is considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center