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FEBS Lett. 1995 Mar 20;361(2-3):191-5.

Similar substrate recognition motifs for mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase, higher plant HMG-CoA reductase kinase-A, yeast SNF1, and mammalian calmodulin-dependent protein kinase I.

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Department of Biochemistry, The University, Dundee, Scotland, UK.


We have analysed phosphorylation of the synthetic peptide AMARAASAAALARRR, and 23 variants by mammalian, higher plant and yeast members of the SNF1 protein kinase subfamily (AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), HMG-CoA reductase kinase (HRK-A), and SNF1 itself), and by mammalian calmodulin-dependent protein kinase I (CaMKI). These four kinases recognize motifs which are very similar, although distinguishable. Our studies define the following recognition motifs: AMPK: phi (X beta)XXS/TXXX phi; HRK-A: phi (X,beta)XXSXXX phi; Snf1: phi XRXXSXXX phi; CaMKI: phi XRXXS/TXXX phi; where phi is a hydrophobic residue (M, V, L, I or F) and beta is a basic residue (R, K or H).

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