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Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1995 Mar;2(2):138-42.

Selective decrease in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-induced alpha interferon production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells during HIV-1 infection.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pennsylvania.

Abstract

We previously reported that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and Sendai virus induce higher levels of alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) in blood dendritic cells than in monocytes of healthy donors. In the present study, the levels of IFN-alpha induced by T-cell tropic (IIIb and RF) and monocytotropic (BaL) strains of HIV-1 and by HSV were significantly decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from subjects with asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV-1 infection. In contrast, Sendai virus, a paramyxovirus that induces proportionally more IFN-alpha in monocytes and B cells than do either HIV-1 or HSV, stimulated normal levels of IFN-alpha in PBMCs from the HIV-1-infected men. The IFN-alpha produced by PBMCs from the HIV-1-seropositive subjects was partially acid labile, whereas the IFN-alpha produced by PBMCs from the HIV-1-seronegative donors was acid stable. We hypothesize that there is a selective defect in IFN-alpha production by peripheral blood dendritic cells, whereas the host retains the IFN-alpha-producing capacity of monocytes and B lymphocytes. The loss of IFN-alpha production in response to HIV-1, herpesviruses, and possibly other pathogens could contribute to the progression of HIV-1 infection and to the development of AIDS.

PMID:
7697520
PMCID:
PMC170116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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