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Alcohol Alcohol. 1994 Nov;29(6):663-71.

Alcohol dehydrogenase from human stomach: variability in normal mucosa and effect of age, gender, ADH3 phenotype and gastric region.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.


Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) has been analysed in 36 endoscopic biopsies of normal gastric body and/or antrum mucosa, from 31 individuals with an age between 17 and 79 years. Oesophageal, duodenal and oral mucosa specimens have been also examined. Stomach mucosa contains three isozyme types: the gamma gamma-ADH forms (class I), sigma sigma-ADH (class IV) and chi chi-ADH (class III). gamma gamma-ADH was present in all gastric samples, while sigma sigma-ADH was detected in all body specimens (n = 15) but only in eight of 20 antrum biopsies. The presence of high sigma sigma-ADH activity in oral and oesophageal mucosa confirms the distribution of class IV in the upper gastrointestinal tract where it may serve as a first metabolic barrier against ingested alcohols and aldehydes. Considering all gastric specimens, ADH activity was 5.78 +/- 2.61 mU/mg of protein with 100 mM ethanol, pH 10.0. ADH activity was higher in men than women and in gastric body than in antrum, although differences did not reach statistical significance. However, activity was significantly higher in subjects below 50 years than those older than 50 years. Furthermore, an inverse correlation was found between gastric ADH activity and age (r = -0.40, P < 0.02). In old subjects ADH activity was significantly higher in gastric body (5.87 +/- 1.22 mU/mg) than in antrum (4.14 +/- 1.78 mU/mg) (P = 0.03). Differences in activity between samples from each ADH3 phenotype were statistically not significant but corresponded to those expected from the kinetic constants of the respective gamma gamma-ADH isozymes, which suggests that ADH3 polymorphism affects activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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