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Am J Vet Res. 1995 Jan;56(1):34-8.

Isolation of thyroid peroxidase and lack of autoantibodies to the enzyme in dogs with autoimmune thyroid disease.

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Department of Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.


Fifty serum samples from dogs with clinical signs of hypothyroidism and autoantibodies (AA) to thyroglobulin (Tg), thyroxine, or triiodothyronine were screened for AA to thyroid peroxidase (TPO). Thyroid peroxidase is the antigen against which microsomal AA are formed in human beings with lymphocytic thyroiditis. The TPO was isolated from canine thyroid tissue, using a modification of the procedure for purifying porcine TPO. The enzyme was solubilized from the membrane, using a deoxycholate-trypsin solution, followed by ammonium sulfate precipitation and diethylaminoethyl Sephadex chromatography. Activity of TPO was determined, using an iodide oxidation assay and a guaiacol assay. A monoclonal antibody to canine Tg, coupled to an immunoaffinity column, was used to eliminate the contaminating Tg from the TPO preparation. Using the TPO preparation as an antigen, an ELISA was performed on 10 serum samples and immunoblot assays were performed on 50 canine sera. Autoantibodies to TPO were not found in any of the sera. Assays also were performed, using purified porcine and human TPO and evidence of cross-reactivity with canine TPO was not identified. The absence of AA to TPO in dogs suggests a different pathogenesis for autoimmune thyroid disease in dogs than that hypothesized for lymphocytic thyroiditis in human beings.

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